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Psychology

TagLast edit: 27 Nov 2020 16:46 UTC by Multicore

Psychology is the study of the mind. Typically, psychology focuses on the human mind, but animal minds are also sometimes studied.

Just like much of the research on animal psychology also applies to humans, research on human psychology may inform how we develop and use AI.

Modern psychology began with the Freudian model of psychoanalysis, which quickly supplanted the prevailing pseudosciences like phrenology. Psychoanalysis is now largely obsolete, and has been replaced by other schools. The most prominent among these include:

Behavioral Psychology, which focuses on observable learning and behavior.

Humanistic Psychology, which focuses on theories of self-actualization and self-help.

Cognitive Psychology, which uses modern research on brain anatomy and other subjects to create theories about how the brain learns, develops, and makes decisions.

From an academic standpoint, much of the content of Lesswrong can be described as trying to implement the results of Decision Theory to people’s daily actions using knowledge of human psychology. Sometimes, this involves overriding our native tendencies. Other times, it involves using them to our advantage.

Notes from “Don’t Shoot the Dog”

juliawise2 Apr 2021 16:34 UTC
196 points
10 comments12 min readLW link

Philos­o­phy of Therapy

DaystarEld10 Oct 2020 20:12 UTC
107 points
28 comments16 min readLW link
(daystareld.com)

A Cri­tique of Lev­er­age Re­search’s Con­nec­tion Theory

Peter Wildeford20 Sep 2012 4:28 UTC
42 points
31 comments6 min readLW link

[Question] If some­one you loved was ex­pe­rienc­ing un­remit­ting suffer­ing (re­lated to a con­stel­la­tion of multi-di­men­sional fac­tors and pro­cesses, those of which in­clude anoma­lous states of con­scious­ness and an ia­tro­genic men­tal health sys­tem), what would you think and what would you do?

Sara C3 Jul 2020 21:02 UTC
19 points
6 comments4 min readLW link

Emo­tional reg­u­la­tion, Part I: a prob­lem summary

Swimmer9635 Mar 2012 23:10 UTC
16 points
38 comments5 min readLW link

Emo­tional reg­u­la­tion Part II: re­search summary

Swimmer96319 Mar 2012 21:51 UTC
35 points
40 comments10 min readLW link

The Im­por­tance of Sidekicks

Swimmer9638 Jan 2015 23:21 UTC
206 points
209 comments5 min readLW link

[Question] What is re­quired to run a psy­chol­ogy study?

Raemon29 May 2019 6:38 UTC
30 points
14 comments1 min readLW link

The Just World Hypothesis

michael_vassar29 Oct 2017 6:03 UTC
14 points
10 comments3 min readLW link

Focus

jefftk15 Sep 2019 15:10 UTC
31 points
7 comments4 min readLW link
(www.jefftk.com)

Bo­gus Pipeline, Bona Fide Pipeline

Scott Alexander24 Mar 2009 0:10 UTC
27 points
16 comments3 min readLW link

Black hole narratives

Alexei7 Jul 2019 4:07 UTC
25 points
11 comments4 min readLW link

Prac­ti­cal Guidelines for Me­mory Reconsolidation

Matt Goldenberg13 Nov 2019 19:54 UTC
32 points
6 comments2 min readLW link

Notes on Psychopathy

gwern19 Dec 2012 4:02 UTC
42 points
100 comments35 min readLW link

Balance mo­ti­va­tion and discipline

toonalfrink7 Jan 2021 12:00 UTC
14 points
0 comments2 min readLW link

You are Dis­so­ci­at­ing (prob­a­bly)

G Gordon Worley III4 Jan 2021 14:37 UTC
27 points
4 comments4 min readLW link

28 so­cial psy­chol­ogy stud­ies from *Ex­per­i­ments With Peo­ple* (Frey & Gregg, 2017)

Yuxi_Liu16 Jun 2019 2:23 UTC
12 points
1 comment26 min readLW link

Fol­low-up to Ju­lia Wise on “Don’t Shoot The Dog”

alexflint1 May 2021 19:07 UTC
18 points
4 comments8 min readLW link

In­ter­nal In­for­ma­tion Cascades

JenniferRM25 Jun 2021 16:35 UTC
40 points
7 comments10 min readLW link

[Question] Are there any web­sites that col­late use­ful psy­cholog­i­cal study re­sults?

Phoenix Eliot5 Sep 2021 21:45 UTC
5 points
0 comments1 min readLW link

A Primer on the Sym­me­try The­ory of Valence

Michael Edward Johnson6 Sep 2021 11:39 UTC
12 points
12 comments7 min readLW link

Book Re­view: Why Every­one (Else) Is a Hypocrite

PeterMcCluskey9 Oct 2021 3:31 UTC
26 points
7 comments3 min readLW link
(www.bayesianinvestor.com)

Book re­view: Lost Con­nec­tions by Jo­hann Hari

maia20 Oct 2021 2:40 UTC
34 points
2 comments10 min readLW link

Franken­stein De­lenda Est

eapache10 Jul 2020 14:38 UTC
11 points
1 comment4 min readLW link

The 8 Tech­niques to Tol­er­ify the Dark World

adamShimi20 Jul 2020 0:58 UTC
2 points
5 comments2 min readLW link

New study on choice blind­ness in moral positions

nerfhammer20 Sep 2012 18:14 UTC
101 points
152 comments1 min readLW link

Ver­bal Over­shad­ow­ing and The Art of Rationality

pangloss27 Apr 2009 23:39 UTC
69 points
24 comments3 min readLW link

[Question] What’s up with self-es­teem?

abramdemski25 Jun 2019 3:38 UTC
39 points
15 comments2 min readLW link

Want­ing vs. Lik­ing Revisited

Scott Alexander9 Jul 2011 20:54 UTC
58 points
9 comments4 min readLW link

Be­ware of WEIRD psy­cholog­i­cal samples

Paul Crowley13 Sep 2009 11:28 UTC
45 points
28 comments1 min readLW link

On Defense Mechanisms

Quaerendo4 Mar 2018 18:53 UTC
25 points
22 comments3 min readLW link

Be­hav­iorism: Be­ware An­thro­po­mor­phiz­ing Humans

Scott Alexander4 Jul 2011 20:40 UTC
79 points
24 comments3 min readLW link

Ba­sics of An­i­mal Reinforcement

Scott Alexander5 Jul 2011 20:42 UTC
70 points
21 comments4 min readLW link

Ba­sics of Hu­man Reinforcement

Scott Alexander6 Jul 2011 21:09 UTC
54 points
9 comments6 min readLW link

Notes on the Psy­chol­ogy of Power

gwern27 Jul 2012 19:22 UTC
55 points
49 comments40 min readLW link

“Every­thing is Cor­re­lated”: An An­thol­ogy of the Psy­chol­ogy Debate

gwern27 Apr 2019 13:48 UTC
40 points
2 comments1 min readLW link
(www.gwern.net)

Ac­knowl­edg­ing Hu­man Prefer­ence Types to Sup­port Value Learning

Nandi Sabrina Erin13 Nov 2018 18:57 UTC
34 points
4 comments9 min readLW link

Vol­un­tary Be­hav­ior, Con­scious Thoughts

Scott Alexander11 Jul 2011 22:13 UTC
44 points
21 comments3 min readLW link

On the Open­ness per­son­al­ity trait & ‘ra­tio­nal­ity’

gwern14 Oct 2011 1:07 UTC
67 points
95 comments8 min readLW link

How does per­son­al­ity vary across US cities?

JonahS20 Dec 2016 8:00 UTC
64 points
17 comments6 min readLW link

The Ma­chine Learn­ing Per­son­al­ity Test

PhilGoetz4 Aug 2009 23:36 UTC
31 points
34 comments6 min readLW link

What’s wrong with psy­chol­ogy, any­way?

Anatoly_Vorobey28 Apr 2012 23:36 UTC
43 points
15 comments1 min readLW link

[Question] What is the state of the ego de­ple­tion field?

Eli Tyre9 Aug 2019 20:30 UTC
26 points
11 comments1 min readLW link

[link] Why Psy­chol­o­gists’ Food Fight Matters

Pablo1 Aug 2014 7:52 UTC
40 points
7 comments9 min readLW link

[link]Mass repli­ca­tion of Psy­chol­ogy ar­ti­cles planed.

beoShaffer18 Apr 2012 16:13 UTC
41 points
8 comments1 min readLW link

Ex­ploit­ing the Typ­i­cal Mind Fal­lacy for more ac­cu­rate ques­tion­ing?

Xachariah17 Jul 2012 0:46 UTC
47 points
73 comments1 min readLW link

Ra­tion­al­ity is about pat­tern recog­ni­tion, not reasoning

JonahS26 May 2015 19:23 UTC
45 points
83 comments4 min readLW link

[link] Psy­chol­o­gists strike a blow for reproducibility

Pablo28 Nov 2013 5:26 UTC
42 points
5 comments2 min readLW link

The Per­son­al­ity of (great/​cre­ative) Scien­tists: Open and Conscientious

gwern28 Jan 2012 20:01 UTC
44 points
11 comments8 min readLW link

Episte­mol­ogy and the Psy­chol­ogy of Hu­man Judgment

badger28 May 2011 5:15 UTC
44 points
9 comments11 min readLW link

What makes a good life? This is my map.

ryqiem22 Nov 2019 15:10 UTC
26 points
20 comments4 min readLW link

Con­nec­tion The­ory Has Less Than No Evidence

WilliamJames1 Aug 2014 10:17 UTC
31 points
50 comments2 min readLW link

Psy­chopa­thy and the Wa­son Selec­tion Task

[deleted]22 Nov 2010 14:00 UTC
26 points
12 comments1 min readLW link

Fad­ing Novelty

lifelonglearner25 Jul 2018 21:36 UTC
21 points
2 comments6 min readLW link

The Com­edy of Behaviorism

Eliezer Yudkowsky2 Aug 2008 20:42 UTC
22 points
56 comments6 min readLW link

Ex­perts vs. parents

PhilGoetz29 Sep 2010 16:48 UTC
24 points
23 comments1 min readLW link

The Ra­tion­al­ity Wars

Stefan_Schubert27 Feb 2014 17:08 UTC
30 points
43 comments3 min readLW link

Evolu­tion, Sex, and Gen­der, Not to Men­tion Research

NancyLebovitz14 Jan 2013 14:19 UTC
34 points
78 comments1 min readLW link

In­hi­bi­tion and the Mind

Annoyance21 May 2009 17:34 UTC
10 points
29 comments2 min readLW link

How to tell apart sci­ence from pseudo-sci­ence in a field you don’t know ?

kilobug2 Sep 2012 10:25 UTC
34 points
71 comments1 min readLW link

Ra­tion­al­ists lose when oth­ers choose

PhilGoetz16 Jun 2009 17:50 UTC
−9 points
58 comments5 min readLW link

Link: Writ­ing ex­er­cise closes the gen­der gap in uni­ver­sity-level physics

Vladimir_Golovin27 Nov 2010 16:28 UTC
27 points
9 comments1 min readLW link

Re­mind Phys­i­cal­ists They’re Physicalists

lukeprog15 Aug 2011 4:36 UTC
27 points
77 comments2 min readLW link

[Question] Why ex­actly is the song ‘Baby Shark’ so catchy?

DonyChristie17 May 2019 6:26 UTC
6 points
4 comments1 min readLW link

Trans­late mu­sic in­to­na­tion into words us­ing color se­man­tics (as a means of com­mu­ni­ca­tion)

Alexey Smirnov7 Jul 2020 15:26 UTC
3 points
2 comments2 min readLW link

Chap­ter 10: What does it Mean?

ld972 Mar 2020 18:21 UTC
3 points
0 comments3 min readLW link

Some­thing Was Wrong

Zvi5 Aug 2017 14:48 UTC
9 points
0 comments5 min readLW link

Ap­ply­ing Be­hav­ioral Psy­chol­ogy on Myself

John_Maxwell20 Jun 2010 6:25 UTC
70 points
39 comments2 min readLW link

How to Compliment

less_penguiny16 Dec 2020 8:25 UTC
13 points
0 comments1 min readLW link

Martin Selig­man’s “Authen­tic Hap­piness”

David_Gross27 Dec 2020 5:06 UTC
10 points
1 comment6 min readLW link

The Anti-Placebo Effect

ShannonFriedman28 Sep 2013 5:44 UTC
63 points
39 comments3 min readLW link

[Link] The Stan­ford Su­per­man Ex­per­i­ment: An­chor­ing Em­pa­thy?

shminux1 Feb 2013 17:31 UTC
32 points
11 comments1 min readLW link

On the na­ture of anxiety

mr_fahrenheit22 Feb 2021 23:56 UTC
0 points
0 comments5 min readLW link

[Link] Failed repli­ca­tions of the “el­derly walk­ing” prim­ing effect

Morendil13 Mar 2012 7:55 UTC
31 points
3 comments1 min readLW link

Agree­ing to Disagree: to­wards a bet­ter un­der­stand­ing of agreeableness

aaronb5029 Mar 2021 3:14 UTC
5 points
0 comments8 min readLW link
(aaronbergman.substack.com)

Prophetic Hazard

onur16 Apr 2021 10:09 UTC
0 points
3 comments1 min readLW link

Im­ple­ment­ing the Se­cond Virtue: Feel the Emo­tions Which Fit the Facts

LukeOnline9 May 2021 5:47 UTC
5 points
0 comments4 min readLW link

[Question] Is it true that most stud­ies in Kah­ne­man’s ‘Think­ing fast and slow’ are not repli­ca­ble and the book is largely not sup­ported by ev­i­dence?

Davy Jones30 Jun 2021 7:14 UTC
16 points
10 comments1 min readLW link

De­stroy­ing Inse­cu­rity and Boost­ing Con­fi­dence Through Your In­ter­ests and Values

Olitness1 Aug 2021 14:34 UTC
17 points
4 comments5 min readLW link
(olitness.wordpress.com)

Sig­nal­ing Vir­tu­ous Vic­tim­hood as Indi­ca­tors of Dark Triad Personalities

Ben Smith26 Aug 2021 19:18 UTC
18 points
3 comments1 min readLW link
(mlpol.net)

Emo­tional microscope

pchvykov20 Sep 2021 21:37 UTC
3 points
9 comments3 min readLW link

[Question] Why do we talk about autism (spec­trum) with­out talk­ing about bor­der­line p.d.?

MoritzG22 Sep 2021 14:32 UTC
−11 points
8 comments1 min readLW link

A brief re­view of the rea­sons multi-ob­jec­tive RL could be im­por­tant in AI Safety Research

Ben Smith29 Sep 2021 17:09 UTC
14 points
7 comments10 min readLW link

(Book Re­view) The Ge­netic Lot­tery: Why DNA Mat­ters for So­cial Equality

Xylitol7 Oct 2021 22:21 UTC
26 points
11 comments17 min readLW link

Book Re­view: Feel­ing Great by David Burns

Fei12 Oct 2021 16:32 UTC
10 points
0 comments3 min readLW link

Book Re­view: De­nial of Death

PatrickDFarley14 Oct 2021 4:28 UTC
13 points
5 comments37 min readLW link

[link] Are All Dic­ta­tor Game Re­sults Ar­ti­facts?

Kaj_Sotala23 May 2013 7:08 UTC
24 points
8 comments2 min readLW link
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