# Fairness

TagLast edit: 27 Aug 2021 14:11 UTC by

Fairness is a property of a system or process where no part is privileged, along some measure. A common problem is how to divide a cake between 3 people. Should every one get a third? what if one of them is hungrier? What if they don’t agree about what is fair? This is an example of fair division.

Talking about fairness is difficult, as it runs into many problems with language (as surely the first sentence in this page does). What does privilege mean? what does it mean for someone to be entitled to something?

It also runs it problems of value. How do we measure value? is value objective or subjective? How do we know how much value something is worth to someone? Should an arbiter decide or can people decide between themselves?

Objective value is considered impossible, so objective fairness is considered impossible too. Which means an arbiter can’t be used, and participants have to find a arrangement which is subjectively fair to them.

Which opens up problems of truthfulness, strategy and verification.

Several posts on LessWrong deal with this topic, and it’s also a field of research called Fair Division.

Related pages:

# Notes on Fairness

7 Dec 2020 18:52 UTC
20 points

# Fair­ness vs. Goodness

22 Feb 2009 20:22 UTC
15 points

# The Be­drock of Mo­ral­ity: Ar­bi­trary?

14 Aug 2008 22:00 UTC
25 points

# Fair Divi­sion of Black-Hole Ne­gen­tropy: an In­tro­duc­tion to Co­op­er­a­tive Game Theory

16 Jul 2009 4:17 UTC
59 points

# The Be­drock of Fairness

3 Jul 2008 6:00 UTC
53 points

# Notes on Jus­tice (as a virtue)

5 Nov 2020 20:27 UTC
6 points

# Balanc­ing Games

24 Feb 2024 14:40 UTC
60 points
(www.jefftk.com)

# [SEQ RERUN] Fair­ness vs. Goodness

8 Mar 2013 5:48 UTC
5 points

# A method for fair bar­gain­ing over odds in 2 player bets!

11 Jan 2020 1:18 UTC
12 points

13 Feb 2021 5:41 UTC
262 points

# Book Re­view—The Ori­gins of Un­fair­ness: So­cial Cat­e­gories and Cul­tural Evolution

21 Jan 2020 6:28 UTC
27 points
(unremediatedgender.space)

# By Which It May Be Judged

10 Dec 2012 4:26 UTC
89 points

# Unify­ing Bar­gain­ing No­tions (1/​2)

25 Jul 2022 0:28 UTC
204 points

# Threat-Re­sis­tant Bar­gain­ing Me­ga­post: In­tro­duc­ing the ROSE Value

28 Sep 2022 1:20 UTC
143 points

# Bayesian Injustice

14 Dec 2023 15:44 UTC
124 points
(kevindorst.substack.com)

# Fair­ness and Geometry

22 Jul 2009 10:44 UTC
13 points

# Freaky Fairness

25 Jul 2009 8:14 UTC
14 points

# Redis­tribut­ing fairness

17 Apr 2008 5:39 UTC
1 point

# [SEQ RERUN] Is Fair­ness Ar­bi­trary?

30 Jul 2012 5:47 UTC
6 points

# Co­op­er­at­ing with agents with differ­ent ideas of fair­ness, while re­sist­ing exploitation

16 Sep 2013 8:27 UTC
96 points

# Freaky unfairness

12 Jan 2011 10:08 UTC
28 points

# Is Fair­ness Ar­bi­trary?

14 Aug 2008 1:54 UTC
9 points

# In­cen­tives from a causal perspective

10 Jul 2023 17:16 UTC
27 points

# To Boldly Code

26 Jan 2024 18:25 UTC
25 points

# Kakistocuriosity

6 Jan 2023 7:38 UTC
6 points

# Log­i­cal Line-Of-Sight Makes Games Se­quen­tial or Loopy

19 Jan 2024 4:05 UTC
38 points

# Us­ing Threats to Achieve So­cially Op­ti­mal Outcomes

4 Jan 2024 23:30 UTC
8 points

# Coun­ter­fac­tual Mechanism Networks

30 Jan 2024 20:30 UTC
4 points