Voting theory, also called social choice theory, is the study of voting mechanisms. In other words, for a given list of candidates and voters, a voting method specifies a set of valid ways to fill out a ballot, and, given a valid ballot from each voter, produces an outcome.
Related Sequences: Voting Theory Primer for Rationalists
Resources: Electowiki—A wiki focused on voting theory and electoral systems.
related tags: Game Theory, Decision Theory, Coordination / Cooperation