A Roadmap: How to Survive the End of the Universe

In a sense, this plan needs to be per­ceived with irony be­cause it is al­most ir­rele­vant: we have very small chances of sur­viv­ing even next 1000 years and if we do, we have a lot of things to do be­fore it be­comes re­al­ity. And even af­ter­wards, our suc­ces­sors will have com­pletely differ­ent plans.

There is one im­por­tant ex­cep­tion: there are sug­ges­tions that col­lider ex­per­i­ments may lead to a vac­uum phase tran­si­tion, which be­gins at one point and spreads across the visi­ble uni­verse. Then we can de­stroy our­selves and our uni­verse in this cen­tury, but it would hap­pen so quickly that we will not have time to no­tice it. (The term “uni­verse” here­after refers to the ob­serv­able uni­verse that is the three-di­men­sional world around us, re­sult­ing from the Big Bang.)

We can also solve this prob­lem in next cen­tury if we cre­ate su­per­in­tel­li­gence.

The pur­pose of this plan is to show that ac­tual im­mor­tal­ity is pos­si­ble: that we have an op­por­tu­nity to live not just billions and trillions of years, but an un­limited du­ra­tion. My hope is that the plan will en­courage us to in­vest more in life ex­ten­sion and pre­ven­tion of global catas­trophic risks. Our life could be eter­nal and thus have mean­ing for­ever.

Any­way, the end of the ob­serv­able uni­verse is not an ab­solute end: it’s just one more prob­lem on which the fu­ture hu­man race will be able to work. And even at the neg­ligible level of knowl­edge about the uni­verse that we have to­day, we are still able to offer more than 50 ideas on how to pre­vent its end.

In fact, to as­sem­ble and come up with these 50 ideas I spent about 200 work­ing hours, and if I had spent more time on it, I’m sure I would have found many new ideas. In the dis­tant fu­ture we can find more ideas; choose the best of them; prove them, and pre­pare for their im­ple­men­ta­tion.

First of all, we need to un­der­stand ex­actly what kind end to the uni­verse we should ex­pect in the nat­u­ral course of things. There are many hy­pothe­ses on this sub­ject, which can be di­vided into two large groups:

1. The uni­verse is ex­pected to have a rel­a­tively quick and abrupt end, known as the Big Crunch or Big Rip (ac­cel­er­at­ing ex­pan­sion of the uni­verse causes it to break apart), or the de­cay of the false vac­uum. Vacuum de­cay can oc­cur at any time; a Big Rip could hap­pen in about 10-30 billion years, and the Big Crunch has hun­dreds of billions of years timescale.

2. Another sce­nario as­sumes an in­finitely long ex­is­tence of an empty, flat and cold uni­verse which would ex­pe­rience so called “heat death” that is grad­ual halt­ing of all pro­cesses and then dis­ap­pear­ance of all mat­ter.

The choice be­tween these sce­nar­ios de­pends on the ge­om­e­try of the uni­verse, which is de­ter­mined by the equa­tions of gen­eral rel­a­tivity and, – above all – the be­hav­ior of the al­most un­known pa­ram­e­ter: dark en­ergy.

The re­cent dis­cov­ery of dark en­ergy has made Big Rip the most likely sce­nario, but it is clear that the pic­ture of the end of the uni­verse will change sev­eral times.

You can find more at: http://​​en.wikipe­dia.org/​​wiki/​​Ul­ti­mate_fate_of_the_universe

There are five gen­eral ap­proaches to solve the end of the uni­verse prob­lem, each of them in­cludes many sub­types shown in the map:

1. Surf the Wave: Utilize the na­ture of the pro­cess which is end­ing the uni­verse. (The most known of these type of solu­tions is Omega Point by Tip­pler, where the uni­verse’s en­ergy col­lapse is used to make in­finite calcu­la­tions.)

2. Go to par­allel world

3. Prevent the end of the universe

4. Sur­vive the end of the universe

5. Dis­solv­ing the problem

Some of the ideas are on the level of the wildest pos­si­ble spec­u­la­tions and I hope you will en­joy them.

The new fea­ture of this map is that in many cases men­tioned, ideas are linked to cor­re­spond­ing wiki pages in the pdf.

Down­load the pdf of the map here: http://​​im­mor­tal­ity-roadmap.com/​​unidea­theng.pdf