Thank you for writing this up! This is also something I want to learn about. FYI, there is a book coming out in a couple of months:
Even cultural heritage may be seen as especially effective compression heuristics that are being passed down through generations.
“Especially effective” does not imply “beneficial to you as an individual”.
I like it. By all means, as long as we’re thinking about thinking, let’s think about how we label ourselves.
When I solve a sudoku, I typically make quick, incremental progress, then I get “stuck” for a while, then there is an insight, then I make quick, incremental progress until I finish. Not that there is anything profound about sudokus, but something like this might provide a controlled environment for studying insights. http://websudoku.com/ provides an endless supply of classic sudokus in 4 levels of difficulty. My experience is that the “Evil” level is consistently difficult. I have noticed that my being tired or distracted is enough to make one of these unsolvable.
You also discussed cross-discipline insights. There are sudoku variants, such as sudokus with knight’s-move constraints. Here my experience is that having recently worked on a sudoku variant tends to interfere with solving a classic sudoku. I also solve the occasional chess problem, but have not noticed any interaction with sudokus.
Instead of an either/or decision based on first principles, you might frame this as a “when” decision based on evidence. We’ve had about 4 months of real-world experience with the mRNA vaccines… if you wait another 4 months, that’s double the track record, and it’s always possible that new options will open up (say, a more traditional vaccine that’s more effective than J&J).
I would like to know which other ethical thought experiments have this pattern...
Isn’t the answer just “all of them”? The contrapositive of an implication is always true.
If (if X then Y) then (if ~Y then ~X). Any intuitive dissonance between X and Y is preserved by negating them into ~X and ~Y.
Excellent introduction! My own experience with DeFi is a few months in the Yearn USDT vault. (It seemed like a low-risk way to learn the mechanics.) The quoted APYs vary quite a bit from week to week. If I calculate the APY myself over the whole time, it’s about 9% annualized. That’s not bad for a stablecoin, but after gas fees for entry and exit, it’s hardly worth the bother for the amount I was willing to experiment with.
I find that I like strategies with a lot of transactions, like dollar-cost averaging or asset allocation with rebalancing. For these, transaction costs are much lower on a centralized exchange.
If I find something that I want to buy in one lump and hold for a few months, and it’s not available on my exchange, I’d certainly consider buying it on Uniswap.
Some cryptocurrencies, notably Bitcoin, are designed to be deflationary.
Bitcoin is not deflationary. It is slightly inflationary, much less inflationary than fiat currencies, but it is not deflationary.
“a feeling of supreme insight without any associated insight”… I call this a “content-free Aha moment”.
Regarding math education, you might look into the Moore Method of teaching topology.
Changing the rules tends to neutralize acquired knowledge. A strong club player is strong in part because he has an opening repertoire, a good knowledge of endgames, a positional sense in the middlegame, and recognizes tactical themes from experience. Beginners tend to be weak players precisely because they lack those things, because they haven’t yet made the investment in time and effort to acquire them.
Changing the rules appeals to weaker players because it levels the playing field.
Of course, by saying this, I’m signaling that I’m a chess snob, that I have substantial acquired knowledge, and that I’m strong enough to play “real chess”.
I enjoyed this and tagged it as Humor.
Search for “Samo Burja” on YouTube.
It’s “Holodomor”, not “Holomodor”.
This means that if I see substantially more advertising for Brand X than for superficially-similar Brand Q, I can reasonably assume that Brand X is likely to have a better product than Brand Q.
I have the opposite reaction. Example: two products sell for the same price, Brand X spends 50% on manufacturing the product and 50% on advertising, Brand Q spends 80% on the product and 20% on advertising. If I buy Brand Q, I am getting more product and less advertising.
Another example: Diet Coke is twice as expensive as Sam’s Diet Cola (Walmart’s house brand). Let’s see, flavored caffeine water plus advertising, or flavored caffeine water without advertising? Which is the better deal?
I see advertising as a negative signal.
Gee, if I do the training twice, can I get 20 − 40 points?
IQs are defined on a normal curve, and a standard deviation is 15 or 16 points, about the midpoint of the promised 10 to 20 point gain. A 1-sigma gain (for any reason) becomes statistically less and less plausible as one moves to the right of the curve. Based on the education levels in the user survey, Less Wrong readers are already a lot smarter than average. So, for us, probably not. For Joe Average, maybe so.
I like berries on my oatmeal, and have tried various kinds. Blueberries freeze well, and a thawed frozen blueberry is a reasonable approximation of a fresh blueberry. There is the same resistance, pop and release of tartness and flavor. Raspberries turn to mush when they thaw. Strawberries are somewhere in between.
Can you give me a away to copy your templates into my own Airtable workspace?
Ergonomics! Raise your seat to get full or almost full leg extension. Raise you handlebars if needed. Experiment. I find that slight adjustments to the bike make a big difference in where I get sore.
Also, look into interval training / HIIT, although this is more about maximizing output over time (cardio) than minimizing pain.
I suggest making a distinction between non-programmable and programmable systems. We have non-searchable systems, like physical notebooks, and we have searchable systems, like wikis. Going from searchable systems to programmable systems is a similar quantum leap.
One might say that programmability goes beyond the bounds of notetaking, but if our larger domain (exobrain) includes both notetaking and programmability, do we want to mix them or keep them separate?
As a simple example, I can have Google Calendar email me every Thursday morning (programmability). Whatever I put in the event description (notetaking) appears in the body of the email.
Lately I am using Zim Desktop Wiki. I can make links that run batch files on my PC. Those batch files can launch applications or run little Python programs that access a database and generate Zim pages. This is very open-ended, but often with just a bit of programming I can add a feature that I will use a lot.
The first group is remote-workers. These people are generally able to maintain their economic output while maintaining heavy social isolation.
Not necessarily. An example would be software development. If a business is facing declining revenue, suddenly that rush software project can be delayed or stretched out a few months, leaving the remote programmers with fewer paid hours.