That might be true, but it is very hard for people to make reasoned changes when they are deeply depressed. Depression has real cognitive effects, which people frequently complain about. Depressive reasoning often looks like I SUCK I SUCK I SUCK I SUCK Everything is my fault and I screwed it all up, and I can’t fix it, and I can’t fix it because I SUCK I SUCK I SUCK. Ok—let me focus for a second—If I change this… I SUCK I SUCK … Ok, if I change this thing then… why can’t I think? Oh right I SUCK I SUCK I SUCK… etc, etc. Getting people out of that pattern is very helpful.
Number 1 is the politically correct thing to say, but was not what I actually observed when working with Medicaid patients. People complained far less about poverty than I (who come from a middle-class upbringing) would have anticipated. People adjust to what they are used to. It’s the middle class, with the constant fear of downward mobility, which really suffers from monetary issues. There were some interesting interactions between race and class, which are hard to express without the internet eating me. Being hispanic and poor is very different from being black and poor, which is different still from being white and poor. And I’ll leave it at that.
2 just sounds correct. America has reached the apotheosis of individualism. We can’t all be the star of the show, and it hurts when you find out you are not.
The latter. Most ‘analysts’ today do not consider themselves primarily freudian.
My new practice is only 3 months old, so no one with full on DID yet, though some people have these rando dissociations (which are likely trauma related) I had one patient in my former position with DID. Very interesting case, but hippa lol.
I just read this article from the Atlantic—I wrote the comment first- but I think it eloquently highlights most of these points.
A few thoughts on why people dislike the idea of greatly extending human life:
1) The most obvious reason: people don’t understand the difference between lifespan and healthspan. They see many old, enfeebled, miserable people in old folks homes and conclude, ‘My God, what has science wrought!’ They are at present not wrong.
2) They don’t believe it could work. People as they get older start recognizing and coming to terms with mortality. It suffuses everything about their lives, preparations, the way they talk. The second half of a modern human life is mostly shoring things up for the next generation. Death is horrible. It needs to be made ok one way or another. If you dangle transhumanism in front of them, but they don’t believe it has any possibility of happening, then you are undoing years of mental preparation for the inevitable for no reason. People have mental protections against this kind of thing.
3) On some level people don’t want their parents to live forever. Modernly extended lifespans have already greatly extended the time parents exert influence over their children. Our childhoods essentially never end.
4) On some level people don’t want to live. That might be hard for you to understand, but many people are very miserable, even if they are not explicitly suicidal. The idea of a complete life, when they can say their work is done, can be very appealing. The idea of it never ending can sound like hell.
Sick babies are often too weak to suck much—and this is true even if the baby isn’t sick enough to require a nicu stay. If a baby has to be in the hospital—it can be difficult logistically to breastfeed them, and of course if women aren’t dedicated to it, they won’t maintain milk. My son was required to stay in the nicu for 4 days (for ridiculous reasons—he was fine). I was only allowed to stay in the hospital 2 nights, and I was exhausted and needed to sleep. I ended up allowing them to feed him formula since my milk was slow to come in—no one strongly encouraged me to stay there and breastfeed in the night. I got a 5 minute tutorial on how to use a pump, which was briefly suggested. It’s great that some hospitals are encouraging breastfeeding and providing donor milk to premature babies. I don’t know how universal this is. I know other women who have complained of similar problems I faced.
Ozy—sibling studies have a major problem—they don’t take into account the reasons why a mother would breast-feed one child but not the other. If you ask moms about this, they always have an answer, and it is usually something like, ‘Josh was very sleepy and just wouldn’t suck. We had to give him a bottle to get him to eat at all.’ My mother basically gives this exact story for why I was breast-fed and my brother was not. And my brother had developmental problems and I did not. I don’t think this is because he was fed formula. Remember, weaker/sicker babies are more likely to get formula, and sicker/older/tireder/more depressed mothers are more likely to formula feed. In order to breastfeed, everything has to go right. One thing goes wrong, and it’s on to formula.
It’s a mess. In general poor people are more likely to use formula since they have to go back to work/don’t have the same level of indoctrination- oops education—about the benefits of breast feeding, and breast feeding is a lot of work. Then there’s the issue that sicker babies often have to be formula fed, because they have weaker sucking reflexes and/or require special high-calorie formula. Multiples are more likely to be formula fed, for obvious reasons. Babies of older mothers are more likely to be formula feed, since older moms produce less milk, etc. etc. More obsessive and more highly educated mothers are more likely to breast-feed for obvious reasons. In general, my conclusion from the (noncomprehensive) reading I’ve done about it indicate that breast feeding clearly reduces early respiratory and GI infections as well as reduced colic and GI distress (while breastfeeding), but has unclear impact on long term psychological, physical, and cognitive health. Overall those things look better with breast-fed babies, but attempts to control for other things often negates the effects, leading to yo-yoing articles about the supremacy of breast milk depending on the fashion of the day. However, going back to theory, it would be very strange if breast milk weren’t better given human’s past experience with making food-substitutes. That being said, the healthiest baby is a fed baby, and the impact of formula vs breast feeding is unlikely to outweigh many other factors in a person’s life, such as milk production, needs to earn money to support the family, and mental health of the mother (depression in mothers is very highly correlated with poor long term outcomes).
There is another interpretation, which is that strong property rights *are* moral. I am currently 80% through Atlas Shrugged, which is a very strong thesis for this interpretation. Basically, when you take away property rights, whether the material kind, the action of one’s labor, or the spiritual kind, you give power to those who are best at taking. Ayn Rand presents the results of this kind of thinking, the actions that result, and the society it creates. I strongly recommend you read.
Excellent post with good food for thought. I’m interested to hear more about how people on this blog avoid superstitions.
I agree with Ray—the chapter was too long and spent too many words saying what it was trying to say. I read it in several sittings due to lack of adequate time block nd couldn’t find my place, which lead to me losing time and rereading portions and feeling generally frustrated. think the impact would be improved by reducing by a considerable margin.
I agree that this is an important issue we may have to deal with. I think it will be important to separate doing things for the community from doing things for individual members of the community. For example, encouraging people to bring food to a pot luck or volunteer at solstice is different from setting expectations that you help someone with their webpage for work or help out members of the community who facing financial difficulties. I’ve been surprised by how many times I’ve had to explain that expecting the community to financially support people is terrible on every level and should be actively discouraged as a community activity. This is not an organized enough community with high enough bars to membership to do things like collections. I do worry that people will hear a vague ‘Huffelpuff!’ call to arms and assume this means doing stuff for everyone else whenever you feasilbly can—It shouldn’t. It should be a message for what you do in the context of the public community space. What you choose to do for individuals is your own affair.
I understand the anxiety issues of, ’Do I have what it takes to accomplish this...”
I don’t understand why the existence of someone else who can would damage Eliezer’s ego. I can observe that many other people’s sense of self is violated if they find out that someone else is better at something they thought they were the best at—the football champion at HS losing their position at college, etc. However, in order for this to occur, the person needs to 1) in fact misjudge their relative superiority to others, and 2) value the superiority for its own sake.
Now, Eliezer might take the discovery of a better rationalist/fAI designer as proof that he misjudged his relative superiority—but unless he thinks his superiority is itself valuable, he should not be bothered by it. His own actual intelligence, afterall, will not have changed, only the state of his knowledge of others’ intelligence relative to his own.
Eliezer must enjoy thinking he is superior for loss of this status to bother his ‘ego’.
Though I suppose one could argue that this is a natural human quality, and Eliezer would need to be superhuman or lying to say otherwise.
Again, I have difficulty understanding why so many people place such a high value on ‘intelligence’ for its own sake, as opposed to a means to an end. If Eliezer is worried that he does not have enough mathematical intelligence to save the universe from someone else’s misdesigned AI, than this is indeed a problem for him, but only because the universe will not be saved. If someone else saves the universe instead, Eliezer should not mind, and should go back to writing sci-fi novels. Why should Eliezer’s ego cry at the thought of being upstaged? He should want that to happen if he’s such an altruist.
I don’t really give a damn where my ‘intelligence’ falls on some scale, so long as I have enough of it to accomplish those things I find satisfying and important TO ME. And if I don’t, well, hopefully I have enough savvy to get others who do to help me out of a difficult situation. Hopefully Eliezer can get the help he needs with fAI (if such help even exists and such a problem is solvable).
Also, to those who care about intelligence for its own sake, does the absolute horsepower matter to you, or only your abilities relative to others? IE, would you be satisfied if you were considered the smartest person in the world by whatever scale, or would that still not be enough because you were not omniscient?
Scott: “You have a separate source of self-worth, and it may be too late that you realize that source isn’t enough.”
Interesting theory of why intelligence might have a negative correlation with interpersonal skills, though it seems like a ‘just so story’ to me, and I would want more evidence. Here are some alternatives: ‘Intelligent children find the games and small-talk of others their own age boring and thus do not engage with them.’ ‘Stupid children do not understand what intelligent children are trying to tell them or play with them, and thus ignore or shun them.’ In both of these circumstances, the solution is to socialize intelligent children with each other or with an older group in general. I had a horrible time in grade school, but I socialized with older children and adults and I turned out alright (well, I think so). I suppose without any socialization, a child will not learn how to interpret facial expressions, intonations, and general emotional posturing of others. I’m not certain that this can’t be learned with some effort later in life, though it might not come as naturally. Still, it would seem worth the effort.
I’m uncertain whether Eliezer-1995 was equating intelligence with the ability to self-optimize for utility (ie intelligence = optimization power) or if he was equating intelligence with utility (intelligence is great in and of itself). I would agree with Crowly that intelligence is just one of many factors influencing the utility an individual gets from his/her existence. There are also multiple kinds of intelligence. Someone with very high interpersonal intelligence and many deep relationships but abyssmal math skills may not want to trade places with the 200 IQ point math wiz who’s never had a girlfriend and is still trying to compute the ultimate ’girlfriend maximizing utility equation”. Just saying...
Anyone want to provide links to studies correlating IQ, ability, and intelligences in various areas with life-satisfaction? I’d hypothesize that people with slightly above average math/verbal IQs and very above average interpersonal skills probably rank highest on life-satisfaction scales.
Unless, of coures, Eliezer-1995 didn’t think utility could really be measured by life satisfaction, and by his methods of utility calculation, Intelligence beats out all else. I’d be interested in knowing what utility meant to him under this circumstance.