You need background education in general to understand a language. No statement is really free of auxillary hypotheses.
In the limit you don’t need any external prompt to start activating concepts you have gathered or booting up your imagination. But for some psychologies they don’t automatically try to match every theory they know against every percept they have but only apply concepts very selectively. Sometime you proposefully make that selectivity wider but it’s hard to say which level of selectivity is appropriate. On the other end there is akrasia where you don’t answer direct questions but only activate your brain when somebody punches you in the face. And in the other extreme being constantly paranoid about everything can burn a lot of energy and thinktime for little improvement.