I agree that this is a real phenomena that can happen in domains where verifying a correct answer is not much easier than coming up with one.

However, epistemic norms regarding what counts as valid evidence are culturally transmitted. People using occams razor will come to different conclusions from the people using divine revelation. (Similar to how mathmeticians using different axioms will come to different conclusions.)

I trust Solomonoff induction as being pretty theoretically sound. The typical number takes around log(n)+log(log(n)) bits to express, as you have to say how many bits you are using to express the number. Some numbers, like Graham’s number can be expressed with far fewer bits. I think that theories are a useful conceptual tool for bundling hypothesis about series of observations, and that T1 and T2 are equally likely.