I agree that we are probably miscalibrated by nature—adapted to the ancient jungle.
But in certain jungle-like environments, such as high school, it is a good advice to always punch the bully, no matter how rational it seems (i.e. even if you are obviously weaker). Otherwise you get bullied a lot.
I agree with you.
However, in case my last comment wasn’t clear on the subject: I do not think anger is required to punch the bully. I’m not sure anger is required in any circumstance and I’m sure anger has negative consequences no matter the reason for it.