Highly Advanced Epistemology 101 for Beginners

Th­ese es­says in­clude a dis­cus­sion of truth, for­mal logic, causal­ity, and metaethics, and are a good way for more am­bi­tious read­ers to quickly get up to speed.

Introduction

The Use­ful Idea of Truth

Skill: The Map is Not the Territory

Ra­tion­al­ity: Ap­pre­ci­at­ing Cog­ni­tive Algorithms

Fire­wal­ling the Op­ti­mal from the Rational

1. Physics and Causality

The Fabric of Real Things

Causal Di­a­grams and Causal Models

Stuff That Makes Stuff Happen

Causal Reference

Causal Universes

2. Mathematics and Logic

Proofs, Im­pli­ca­tions, and Models

Log­i­cal Pinpointing

Stan­dard and Non­stan­dard Numbers

Godel’s Com­plete­ness and In­com­plete­ness Theorems

Se­cond-Order Logic: The Controversy

3. Mixed Reference

Mixed Refer­ence: The Great Re­duc­tion­ist Project

By Which It May Be Judged