Against Rationalization

The last sequence focused in on how feeling tribal often distorts our ability to reason. Now we’ll explore one particular cognitive mechanism that causes this: much of our reasoning process is really rationalization—story-telling that makes our current beliefs feel more coherent and justified, without necessarily improving their accuracy.

Know­ing About Bi­ases Can Hurt People

Up­date Your­self Incrementally

One Ar­gu­ment Against An Army

The Bot­tom Line

What Ev­i­dence Filtered Ev­i­dence?


A Ra­tional Argument

Avoid­ing Your Belief’s Real Weak Points

Mo­ti­vated Stop­ping and Mo­ti­vated Continuation

Fake Justification

Is That Your True Re­jec­tion?

En­tan­gled Truths, Con­ta­gious Lies

Of Lies and Black Swan Blowups

Dark Side Epistemology